Water scarcity is a serious problem in the Middle East. So, if you take these countries’ widespread growth and urbanisation into account, the question arises on how the Middle East can secure itself a sustainable future. Water desalination solutions are making impressive progress in terms of cost-efficiency. Nevertheless, it remains an expensive and energy-intensive process. Similarly, groundwater levels across the region continue to steadily decline, adding further pressure to find a feasible long-term solution.
Taking Abu Dhabi as an example, even this well-developed emirate only gets 5% of its total water from treated wastewater while 35% comes from desalinated water and the remaining 60% from precious and rapidly depleting groundwater sources.
Luckily, we are seeing several important advances in key wastewater treatment areas. This combination of improving cost-effectiveness of said treatment processes and the rising pressure to find viable water security solutions means that we can expect to see rising rates of wastewater reuse and recycling technology across the region.